Status:  Accidental in spring.

Documentation: Photograph: 25 Mar 2011 Hall Co (Brogie 2013).

Taxonomy:  No subspecies are recognized.

RecordIn 2011 an obliging Hooded Crane chose to forage in fields next to Interstate Highway 80 in Hall Co with Sandhill Cranes for 17 days, allowing many observers to see this unexpected visitor.  It was found 25 Mar by Chuck Cooper on West Platte River Drive, photographed 7 Apr by Walter Wehtje and Paul Dunbar, and remained until 11 Apr.  A photograph by Thomas D. Mangelsen was published in the Grand Island Indepedent (newspaper) and can be viewed here.

Its provenance was a key issue, but based on exhaustive research by Mark Brogie, NOURC Chairman, in which no evidence could be found for captive origin, the species was added to the Official List of the Birds of Nebraska (Brogie 2012, 2013; Silcock 2011).

Comments: A Hooded Crane was shot in the Delta Junction, Alaska area around 7 Oct 2020, where Sandhill Cranes stage and a Common Crane occurred 19 Sep 1998 (eBird.org).

The ABA Checklist Committee (Pranty et al 2014) did not accept this species to the ABA Checklist, stating: “What may have been the same, wandering adult was photographed over a 22-month period in Idaho (April 2010), Nebraska (April 2011), Tennessee (December 2011– January 2012), and Indiana (February 2012). Records committees in Indiana (6–1 vote), Nebraska (8–0), and Tennessee (5–1) accepted the records as representing a natural vagrant or vagrants; the Idaho committee has not voted.” And further: “The case against natural vagrancy consists of a number of points, including the following: (1) the disappearance from Idaho of the captive cranes three years before the free-flying crane was first observed, in Idaho; (2) the prolonged presence of the crane in the ABA Area (presuming that only one individual accounted for all four records); (3) its curious movements eastward across the continent, including switching between populations of Sandhill Cranes; and (4) records of other unbanded, free-flying cranes found among Sandhill Cranes in the ABA Area recently.” And “The Checklist Committee (CLC) vote on the Hooded Crane went through three rounds of voting— the maximum number permitted by CLC bylaws—with the third-round vote being final. The vote tallies were 4–4, 2–6, and 3–5 in favor of natural vagrancy, meaning the Hooded Crane will not be added to the ABA Checklist based on the 2010–2012 records. At least seven CLC members would have had to agree that the records represented natural vagrants for the species to have been accepted.”

A subsequent appeal by NOURC and others (Kendall et al 2015) to the ABA CLC was unsuccessful, as no new evidence was deemed to have been presented to the ABA CLC.

The approximately 11,500 Hooded Cranes in existence breed in northeast Siberia and northern China, and winter in eastern China, Korea, and Japan.  A recent paper (Degtyarev 2020) suggests that Hooded Cranes in Siberia likely breed well north of the Arctic Circle in the Olenyek River Basin, about 150 miles from the Arctic Ocean. This location is about 300 miles west of the westernmost known Sandhill Crane breeding location on the Yana River (Gerber et al 2020).


ABA: American Birding Association
NOURC: Nebraska Ornithologists’ Union Records Committee


Photograph (top) of a Hooded Crane with a Sandhill Crane in Hall Co 7 Apr 2011 by Paul Dunbar.

Literature Cited

Brogie, M.A. 2013. 2012 (24th) Report of the NOU Records Committee. NBR: 81: 120-130.

Degtyarev, V.G. 2020. Identification of the Breeding Range of the Hooded Crane. https://doi.org/10.2326/osj.19.15.

Gerber, B.D., J.F. Dwyer, S.A. Nesbitt, R.C. Drewien, C.D. Littlefield, T.C. Tacha, and P.A. Vohs. 2020. Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sancra.01.

Kendall, J., M.A. Brogie, and K. Calhoon. 2015. The Hooded Crane in the ABA Area. Birding 47: 26-31.

Pranty, B., J. Barry, J.L. Dunn, K.L. Garrett, D.D. Gibson, M.W. Lockwood, R. Pittaway, and D.A. Sibley.  2014. 25th Report of the ABA Checklist Committee 2013-2014. Birding 46: 26-36.

Silcock, W.R. 2011. Spring Field Report, March 2011 to May 2011. NBR 79: 46-67.

Recommended Citation

Silcock, W.R., and J.G. Jorgensen.  2020.  Hooded Crane (Grus monacha). In Birds of Nebraska — Online. www.BirdsofNebraska.org

Birds of Nebraska – Online

Updated 28 May 2020