Chondestes grammacus grammacus, C. g. strigatus
Status: Common regular breeder and spring and fall migrant statewide.
Documentation: Specimen: strigatus, UNSM ZM7348, 16 Jun 1901 Badlands, Sioux Co; grammacus, UNSM7353, 16 May 1914 Cass Co.
Taxonomy: Two subspecies are recognized (Pyle 1997): strigatus, breeding from British Columbia to Manitoba south to California and west Texas, wintering California to Florida, and grammacus (including quillini), breeding from Minnesota and east Texas east to Pennsylvania and Georgia, wintering from southeast Texas to Florida.
According to Bruner et al (1904), grammacus breeds in eastern Nebraska west to the 98th meridian [just east of Grand Island], while birds breeding elsewhere in the state are strigatus. Swenk (Notes Before 1925) noted that specimens taken in the Kearney, Buffalo Co area were mostly strigatus. This suggests that grammacus is the breeding race of the original tallgrass prairie area, while the rest of the state is occupied by strigatus. It is unknown whether recent increasing numbers in the east are grammacus or strigatus, or intergrades.
Nebraska breeders within the range of strigatus have been separated as quillini, but differences are slight, and this taxon is not currently recognized; these birds appear to be intergrades with grammacus (Pyle 1997). Indeed, it is likely that most birds in central Nebraska are intergrades.
Spring: Mar 23,24,25 <<<>>> summer
Migrants usually appear in early Apr, although earliest dates are in late Mar.
- High counts: 900 in Chase Co around 1 May 1999, 155 at Calamus Reservoir, Loup Co 7 May 2005, 130 in East Ash Canyon, Dawes Co 17 May 2017, and 120 at Fort Robinson SHP, Dawes Co 20 May 2015.
Summer: Lark Sparrow breeds statewide and is “our most common sparrow” in the summer breeding season (Mollhoff 2016). They can be abundant in the Sandhills, particularly in pastures where low shrubs such as yucca are found. Numbers have increased in the east since 2001 (Mollhoff 2001, 2016), where it is now as common as in most of the rest of the state. Jorgensen (2012) stated that there were no breeding records in the eastern Rainwater Basin; there were no confirmed breeding records in that area 2006-2011 (Mollhoff 2016).
- Breeding phenology:
- Copulation: 27 May
Nest building: 31 May
Eggs: 19 May-1 Jul
Nestlings: 31 May-29 Jun
Fledglings: 30 Jun-12 Jul
- High counts: 130 in the Lake McConaughy, Keith Co area 22 Jun 2002 and 118 at Crescent Lake NWR, Garden Co 26 Jul 1995.
Fall: summer <<<>>> Oct 22, 24, 24
Summering birds departed James Ranch, Sioux Co, 21 Aug 1995; adults may depart breeding grounds as early as mid-Jul or Aug (Rosenberg et al 1991, Martin and Parrish 2020). Migration ends by mid-Oct, with later dates 4 Nov 2008 Otoe Co, 6 Nov 1966 Adams Co, 7 Nov 1994 Otoe Co, 13 Nov 1968 Douglas-Sarpy Cos and 22 Nov 1980 Douglas-Sarpy Cos.
There are two reports on CBCs, without documentation, and likely mis-identifications. There are no other Dec or winter records, although two were reported in South Dakota at the Gavin’s Point Dam area 12 Feb 2011.
- High counts: 89 in southwest Kimball Co 2 Sep 1999, 50 in Dawes Co 8 Aug 2006, 50 in East Ash Creek Canyon, Dawes Co 5 Sep 2015, and 50 at Crescent Lake NWR 15 Aug 2015.
CBC: Christmas Bird Count
NWR: National Wildlife Refuge
SHP: State Historical Park
UNSM: University of Nebraska State Museum
Photograph (top) of a Lark Sparrow at LaPlatte Bottoms, Sarpy Co 4 Jun 2007 by Phil Swanson.
Bruner, L., R.H. Wolcott, and M.H. Swenk. 1904. A preliminary review of the birds of Nebraska, with synopses. Klopp and Bartlett, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.
Jorgensen, J.G. 2012. Birds of the Rainwater Basin, Nebraska. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Martin, J.W. and J.R. Parrish. 2020. Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.larspa.01.
Mollhoff, W.J. 2001. The Nebraska Breeding Bird Atlas 1984-1989. Nebraska Ornithologists’ Union Occasional Papers No. 7. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Mollhoff, W.J. 2016. The Second Nebraska Breeding Bird Atlas. Bull. Univ. Nebraska State Museum Vol 29. University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Pyle, P. 1997. Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part I, Columbidae to Ploceidae. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, California, USA.
Rosenberg, K.V., R.D. Ohmart, W.C. Hunter, and B.W. Anderson. 1991. Birds of the lower Colorado River Valley. University of Arizona Press, Tuscon, Arizona, USA.
Swenk, M.H. Notes before 1925. Bird notes from A.M. Brooking of Hastings, C.A. Black of Kearney, and B.J. Olson of Kearney, based chiefly on their collections, up to January 1, 1925. Typed manuscript in the Nebraska Ornithologists’ Union Archives, University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Silcock, W.R., and J.G. Jorgensen. 2020. Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus), Version 1.0. In Birds of Nebraska — Online. www.BirdsofNebraska.org
Birds of Nebraska – Online