Corthylio calendula calendula

Status:  Common regular spring and fall migrant east and central, uncommon west. Rare regular winter visitor south and southeast, rare casual elsewhere.

Documentation:  Specimen: UNSM ZM6713, 13 Apr 1901 Lancaster Co.

Taxonomy:  Three subspecies are recognized, one (obscurus) extinct; the others are calendula, which breeds from northwest Alaska east across Canada to Nova Scotia and the northern tier of coterminous United States, including south through the Sierra Nevada to mountains of southern California and through Rocky Mountains south to central Arizona and central New Mexico, and grinnelli, largely sedentary from coastal regions of southern Alaska to southern British Columbia, including Vancouver Island and other islands. Nebraska migrants are presumed calendula.

In 2021 AOS (In Press) split New World Ruby-crowned Kinglet as genus Corthylio from unchanged Old World genus Regulus, which includes Golden-crowned Kinglet.

Spring:  Mar 7, 9, 10 <<<>>> May 21, 21, 21 (south and east), Mar 23, 25, 27 <<<>>> May 25, 26, 27 (north and west)

A later date in the south and east is 27 May 2020 Douglas Co.

A later date in the north and west is 1-18 Jun 1992 Dawes Co in a “patch of simulated boreal forest” (Grzybowski 1992).

Arrival is mid- to late Mar and departure is in May. A report by Aughey, 5 Jun 1865 Dakota Co, is doubtful (Sharpe 1993) although possibly a late migrant.

  • High counts:  47 at Fontenelle Forest, Sarpy Co 11 Apr 1999, 35 in southeast Otoe Co 25 Apr 1999, and 30 at Pawnee Lake, Lancaster Co 19 Apr 2009.

Fall: Aug 31, Sep 1, 1 <<<>>> Oct 17, 18, 19 (north and west); Sep 7, 7, 8 <<<>>> winter (south and east)

Earlier dates in the north and west are 25 July 1979 Lincoln Co, 26 Jul 2004 Wind Springs Ranch, Sioux Co, and 7-16 Aug 1977 McPherson Co.

Earlier dates in the south and east are 29 Jul 1920 Lancaster Co (specimen, UNSM ZM6708), 5 Aug 2016 Fontenelle Forest, 20 Aug 1988 Lancaster Co, 21 Aug 1934 Webster Co (Ludlow 1935), 21 Aug 2011 Dodge Co, 3 Sep 2000 (Jorgensen 2012), and 5 Sep 2014 Lancaster Co.

Later dates in the north and west are 6 Nov 2011 Brown Co, and 13 Nov 2013 Hooker C0.

The Jul-Aug dates may be of early migrants from the nearest breeding locations, the Black Hills of South Dakota, where the species is an uncommon breeder (Tallman et al 2002), and the Laramie Mountains in southeastern Wyoming (Faulkner 2010). Migrants generally arrive in mid-Sep. Early dates in the north are earlier than those in the south, indicating a protracted fall passage through the state.

Departure dates are obscured by birds lingering into Dec, especially in the south (see Winter). Departure from the north and west occurs by mid-Oct.

  • High counts:  51 in Douglas and Washington Cos 2 Oct 1999, 50+ at Branched Oak Lake, Lancaster Co 3 Oct 1999, 50 at Platte River SP, Cass Co 18 Sep 2010, and 50 in Cedar Co 15 Oct 2018.

Winter: Ruby-crowned Kinglets depart gradually in fall, with few remaining after Dec. Despite the purported occurrence on CBCs in southeast South Dakota and the Niobrara River Valley in northeast Nebraska (Root 1988), the only reports in the north and west Nov-Feb are 6 Nov 2011 Brown Co, 13 Nov 2013 Hooker Co, a “first winter record” in Dawes Co 16 Jan-17 Feb 1983 (Williams 1983), 15 Jan 2014 Garden Co, 21 Jan 1988 Dawes Co, and 14 Feb 1972 Brown Co.

The westernmost winter (Nov-Feb) reports in the Platte and North Platte River Valleys are in the Lake McConaughy area west to Ash Hollow SHP, Garden Co, and in the Republican drainage one was at Rock Creek Lake SRA, Dundy Co, 29 Dec 2004.


CBC: Christmas Bird Count
NNF: Nebraska National Forest
SP: State Park
SRA: State Recreation Area
UNSM: University of Nebraska State Museum

Literature Cited

Faulkner, D.W. 2010. Birds of Wyoming. Roberts and Company, Greenwood Village, Colorado, USA.

Grzybowski, J.A. 1992. Southern Great Plains Region. American Birds 46: 1151-1152.

Jorgensen, J.G. 2012.  Birds of the Rainwater Basin, Nebraska.  Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Ludlow, C.S. 1935. A quarter-century of bird migration records at Red Cloud, Nebraska. NBR 3: 3-25.

Root, T. 1988. Atlas of wintering North American birds, an analysis of Christmas Bird Count data.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Tallman, D.A., Swanson, D.L., and J.S. Palmer. 2002. Birds of South Dakota. Midstates/Quality Quick Print, Aberdeen, South Dakota, USA.

Williams, F. 1983. Southern Great Plains Region. American Birds 37: 314-317.

Recommended Citation

Silcock, W.R., and J.G. Jorgensen.  2021.  Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Corthylio calendula). In Birds of Nebraska — Online.

Birds of Nebraska – Online

Updated 28 Jun 2021