Setophaga dominica albilora
Status: Rare regular spring and fall migrant east, rare casual elsewhere. Locally rare regular breeder east.
Documentation: Photograph: 28 Nov-24 Dec 1980 Omaha, Douglas Co (Cortelyou 1981).
Taxonomy: Three subspecies are recognized by some authors (Pyle 1997, Clements et al 2016): albilora, breeding in the east-central and southeast USA, dominica, breeding from New Jersey to central Florida, and stoddardi, breeding in extreme southern Alabama and northwest Florida. McKay and Hall (2012) synonymized the subspecies as differing only clinally. Nebraska breeders are albilora if subspecies are recognized.
Spring: Apr 5,7,8 <<<>>> summer
This species arrives early, in early to mid-Apr; there is an earlier date of two on 1 Apr 2007 Fontenelle Forest, Sarpy Co. Northerly migrants were in Cuming Co 25 May 1997 and at Ponca SP, Dixon Co 16 May 2013, and one was westerly in Lancaster Co 30 Apr 2006.
There are at least 37 reports from the central and four from the Panhandle, although the only documented Panhandle records are of one photographed at Crescent Lake NWR 26 May 2009, one at Geneva Cemetery, Fillmore Co 14 May 1999, one “well described” at Antioch, Sheridan Co 6 May 1931 (Rosche 1982), and a specimen taken at Oshkosh, Garden Co 20 May 1917 and identified as the expected subspecies albilora by Oberholser; it was #2892 in the Brooking Collection (Swenk, Notes Before 1925), but it cannot now be located.
- High counts: 11 at Fontenelle Forest, Sarpy Co 14 May 2016, 10 there 23 Apr 2009, and 7 there 13 Apr 2002.
Summer: Neither Johnsgard (1979, 1980) nor Ducey (1988) listed this species as breeding in Nebraska. Since 1981, however, it has been reported in summer from sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) stands at Fontenelle Forest and since 1997 at Krimlofski Tract, Neale Woods, Washington Co. At Fontenelle Forest, singing territorial males are now regular. Confirmation of breeding at this location was obtained in 1989 when birds were observed gathering nesting material on 4 May (Grzybowski 1989), establishing the northwest limit of the breeding range for the species. At Krimlofski Tract, one was singing and carrying insects 26 Jul 2003, indicative of the presence of a fledgling.
Mollhoff (2016), in addition to the sites mentioned above in Washington and Sarpy Cos, showed breeding season reports during 2006-2011 in southeastern Thurston Co at Ashford Scout Camp, eastern Seward Co at Bur Oak and Twin Lakes WMAs, central Jefferson Co, and northern Buffalo Co near Ravenna along the South Loup River. Oddly, there are only two breeding season reports from Indian Cave SP, Richardson Co 25 May 1985 and 17 Jun 2006, despite the presence of apparently-suitable habitat including stands of sycamores. None were detected at Indian Cave SP during surveys conducted in early Jun in the years 2012, 2013, and 2014 (Jorgensen et al 2014). The slowly increasing number of summer reports may be associated with increasing numbers in the northwestern portion of the species’ normal range in central Missouri (Sauer et al 2017).
Nest building: 4-5 May
Fledglings: 26 Jul-9 Sep
Fall: summer <<<>>> Sep 14,15,15
Yellow-throated Warblers become inconspicuous in Jul-Aug, after which there are few reports. Dates after mid-Sep are 27 Sep 2008 Bellevue, Sarpy Co, 28 Sep 1989 Douglas-Sarpy Cos, 1 Oct 1961 Douglas Co, and 11 Nov 2011 Hall Co. There are four extraordinary late records: one photographed at a feeder in Omaha, Douglas Co, 28 Nov-24 Dec 1980 (cited above; Williams 1981), another photographed in Omaha 30 Nov 2013, one photographed at a Lancaster Co feeder 4-5 Dec 2009 (Brogie 2009), and another photographed at a Lincoln feeder 11 Dec 2007 (Brogie 2008). This species winters in the southern USA, unlike most species in its genus.
NWR: National Wildlife Refuge
SP: State Park
Photograph (top) of a Yellow-throated Warbler at Papillion, Sarpy Co 17 Apr 2005 by Phil Swanson.
Brogie, M.A. 2008. 2007 (19th) Report of the NOU Records Committee. NBR 76: 111-119.
Brogie, M.A. 2009. 2009 (21st) Report of the NOU Records Committee. NBR 77: 160-168.
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, accessed 30 January 2018.
Cortelyou, R.G. 1981. B.J. Rose photo of Yellow-throated Warbler. NBR 49: 33.
Ducey, J.E. 1988. Nebraska birds, breeding status and distribution. Simmons-Boardman Books, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.
Grzybowski, J.A. 1989. Southern Great Plains Region. American Birds 43: 499-501.
Johnsgard, P.A. 1979. Birds of the Great Plains: breeding species and their distribution. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Johnsgard, P. A. 1980. A preliminary list of the birds of Nebraska and adjacent Great Plains states. Published by the author, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, USA.
Jorgensen, J.G. 2012. Birds of the Rainwater Basin, Nebraska. Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Jorgensen, J.G., L.R. Dinan, M.A. Brogie, W.R. Silcock, J. Rink, C. Klaphake, and G. Steinauer. 2014. Breeding Bird Diversity, Abundance and Density at Indian Cave and Ponca State Parks, Nebraska, 2012-2014. Nongame Bird Program of the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
McKay, B., and G.A. Hall (2012). Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.223.
Mollhoff, W.J. 2016. The Second Nebraska Breeding Bird Atlas. Bull. Univ. Nebraska State Museum Vol 29. University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Pyle, P. 1997. Identification Guide to North American Birds. Part I, Columbidae to Ploceidae. Slate Creek Press, Bolinas, California, USA.
Rosche, R.C. 1982. Birds of northwestern Nebraska and southwestern South Dakota, an annotated checklist. Cottonwood Press, Crawford, Nebraska, USA.
Sauer, J.R., D.K. Niven, J.E. Hines, D.J. Ziolkowski, Jr, K.L. Pardieck, J.E. Fallon, and W.A. Link. 2017. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 – 2015 (Nebraska). Version 2.07. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland, USA.
Swenk, M.H. Notes before 1925. Bird notes from A.M. Brooking of Hastings, C.A. Black of Kearney, and B.J. Olson of Kearney, based chiefly on their collections, up to January 1, 1925. Typed manuscript in the Nebraska Ornithologists’ Union Archives, University of Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
Williams, F. 1981. Southern Great Plains Region. American Birds 35: 313-315.
Silcock, W.R., and J.G. Jorgensen. 2018. Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga tigrina), Version 1.0. In Birds of Nebraska — Online. www.BirdsofNebraska.org